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Projects


ADB – Khyber Pakhtunkhwa inclusive Urban Growth Program



Cities Development Initiative for Asia (CDIA), in close cooperation with the ADB, is seeking the assistance of a qualified consultancy firm that can help the Government of KP to strategic city planning within a regional context and identify physical infrastructure investments required to enhance inclusiveness, resilience and competitiveness within the cities of Peshawar, Mardan and Abbottabad and their regional context. Priority should be given to infrastructure investments which stimulate job creation and private sector development.

Services Provided
  • Prepare City Development Plans for Peshawar, Mardan and Abbottabad (which will include institutional, financial, economic, climate change analysis and approaches for urban sub-sectors)
  • Identify potential priority urban infrastructure investments in these cities and prepare 10-15 year investment plans
  • Recommend institutional arrangements for the implementation of the PFS
  • Carry out a PFS for the prioritized urban infrastructure investments identified in these cities
  • Identify possible sources of financing for the prioritized investments including community financing, NGO support, and PPP options as part of the ADB supported KP Intermediate Cities Investment Improvement Program
  • Enhance the capacity of relevant stakeholders to facilitate the sustainable development and management of prioritized urban infrastructure investments.


Policy Review and Advisory on the Promotion of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency in Industries in Pakistan

      funded by UNIDO



UNIDO, upon request of the Government of Pakistan, developed a project in Pakistan to promote market based adoption of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency and services in industries in Pakistan. The project, titled “Sustainable Energy Initiative for Industries in Pakistan”, seeks to promote the adoption of renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies and services in industries. The ultimate goal of project is to avoid greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by developing and promoting a market environment that will stimulate investments in renewable energy and energy efficiency which, in turn, will help drive economic growth, support industrial development in Pakistan. The project consists of three components:

  • Develop the policy and regulatory framework on use of EE and RE in industry
  • Promoting RE and EE investments in industry
  • Create platform for promoting investment and sustainability

The assignment “Policy Review and Advisory on the Promotion of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency in Industries in Pakistan” to component 1 of the project.

Services Provided
  • Literature Review of Local and International RE and EE Policy Frameworks
  • Consultations with Project Partners and Key Stakeholders
  • Preparation of final drafts of RE and EE policy recommendations
  • Presentation of final drafts of RE and EE policy recommendations, including implementation roadmaps, in a national level workshop
  • Preparation of Final Review and Recommendation Policy Document on RE and EE for Industrial sector


ABC Installation at PESCO funded by USAID


Under the USAID – financed Power Distribution Program (PDP), PITCO is a major subcontractor to International Resources Group, a US company, tasked to improve the financial, commercial and technical standing of the nine Government owned electric power distribution companies (DISCOs). The total employee strength of the DISCOs is about 124,000. PDP, a $230 million program commenced in Sep 2010 and will end Sep 2015. PITCO provided its key professionals in different areas to meet the PDP requirements.

PITCO has been the main resource for conducting Cost of Service Study for tariff determination. Since, tariffs are not calculated based on actual COS and result in low revenues & the need for subsidies, a COS study for allocation of costs to various categories of customers served is an essential prerequisite to establish tariff rates that are fully cost reflective. The main objective of the study is to assist DISCOs in improving their performance and efficiency by improving their capacity to determine appropriate tariffs for consumers.

There are two components of the project,

Component I: Cost of Service & Tariff Design
  • Liaison & coordination with DISCOs for data collection and data analysis;
  • Development of customized Cost of Service (CoS) Mode to allow DISCOs to calculate cost reflective tariffs
  • Guidance and hands on support for implementation of CoS Model for each DISCO
  • Revenue Requirement Estimation involving analysis of financial statements, budgets, capital expansion plans, sales, and demand and load data projections
  • Selection of appropriate methodology to allocate costs to different customer categories
  • Structuring Tariff Design, based on justifiability, transparency, and simplicity, to give price signals to consumers for efficient utilization of electricity
  • Installation of AMR meters at all feeders across Model DISCO (also at a sample of transformers and consumers, at each DISCO during the Cost of Service Study for that particular DISCO) to improve the quality of input data for Cost of Service study
  • Training sessions for DISCO & NEPRA professionals on various areas but not limited to CoS, Performance Benchmarking, Strategic Planning, Balance Score Card development and implementation
  • Preparation of user manuals and Close-Out Reports for all DISCOs.
Component II: Assistance to NEPRA
  • Organizational Restructuring of NEPRA for effectively regulating the entire Pakistan power sector
  • Improvement in regulatory guidance for DISCOs regarding power acquisition
  • Review of electricity sector market framework internationally and development of vision of the competitive market structure
  • Review of Tariff rules and regulations and recommend modifications and more efficient approaches for Tariff determination
  • Assessment of existing Information Technology infrastructure (hardware/software) and identification of better alternatives and procurement as well as relevant training for sustainable use.
  • Assessment and establishment of relationship between NEPRA and international regulatory bodies (regional or countries with similar conditions) and facilitation in out/in-country training and information exchange.
  • Identification of solutions and recommend changes in Regulatory Laws for introduction of international best practices


Feasibility Studies for Solar Power Plants for Industries



The project aims to install Solar PV power plants at selected Industrial clients, and operate autonomously in the private sector without receiving sovereign payment guarantees from the government, which is the case with Grid Connected IPPs. The project is regarded innovative and unique for Pakistan in the following ways:

  • IPPs in Pakistan have always been set up by private investors to supply grid-connected electricity. PITCO will establish an IPP which will provide Distributed Power Generation at private sector clients’ site.
  • PITCO long term Power Purchase Agreements (PPAs) are based on commercially negotiated terms with each client, which are naturally influenced by each client’s baseline cost of electricity.
  • PITCO will be bearing all the financial and commercial risks of exchange rate fluctuations, grid cost and fuel cost variations etc. during the life of the PPA.
  • The Power Purchaser / Facility Owner will receive clean power at 5% below its baseline cost of Electricity under its “Existing Facility Scenario”
Services Provided by PITCO
  • Site survey and assessment of solar sites
  • Feasibility study of solar sites
  • Interconnection point assessment and capacity analysis
  • System layout, planning and optimization
  • System design, such as selection of key equipment like module type and brand, inverter type and brand, rack design, foundation design, and interconnection design
  • Financial modelling, Cost and economy analyses
  • Selection of protection equipment for DC and AC side of the system
  • Preparation of specifications for Solar PV Modules, Solar Inverters
Name of client along with Installed PV Capacity:
  • PTC – Pakistan Tobacco Company (2,702 KWp)
  • Coca Cola Multan (1,900 KWp)
  • Akzo Nobel (540 KWp)
  • Philip Morris Sahiwal (525 KWp)
  • Nestle DC Sheikhupura (239 KWp)
  • Midas Safety Faisalabad (140 KWp)
  • PPL Ahdi Oil Field Gujjar Khan (84 KWp)
  • Nestle Kabirwala (80 KWp)

   

1 CDA 2 KWSB
PTC – Pakistan Tobacco Company (2,702 KWp) Coca Cola Multan (1,900 KWp)

    

1 CDA 2 KWSB
Akzo Nobel (540 KWp) Philip Morris Sahiwal (525 KWp)

   

1 CDA 2 KWSB
Nestle DC Sheikhupura(239 KWp) Midas Safety Faisalabad
(140 KWp)

   

1 CDA 2 KWSB
PPL Ahdi Oil Field Gujjar Khan (84 KWp) Nestle Kabirwala (80 KWp)


Feasibility Studies for Solar Power Plants for Commercial Sector



The project aims to install Solar PV power plants at Head Office of Iqbal Hamid Trust (IHT) and Eastern Carpet Limited (ECL), and operate autonomously without receiving sovereign payment guarantees from the government.

  • Based on commercially negotiated terms, PITCO has signed long term Power Purchase Agreements (PPAs) with Iqbal Hamid Trust (IHT) and Eastern Carpet Limited (ECL).
  • PITCO is bearing all the financial and commercial risks of exchange rate fluctuations, grid cost and fuel cost variations etc. during the life of the PPA.
  • IHT and ECL are receiving clean power at 5% below their baseline cost of Electricity under its “Existing Facility Scenario”
Services Provided by PITCO
  • Site survey and assessment of solar sites
  • Feasibility study of solar sites
  • Interconnection point assessment and capacity analysis
  • System layout, planning and optimization
  • System design, such as selection of key equipment like module type and brand, inverter type and brand, rack design, foundation design, and interconnection design
  • Financial modelling, Cost and economy analyses
  • Selection of protection equipment for DC and AC side of the system
  • Preparation of specifications for Solar PV Modules, Solar Inverters
  • Bids evaluation for different components of the system
  • Power Plant erection and commission
  • Run power generation on the building block for the facility key characteristics such as yield, Performance ratio, and capacity ratio
  • System optimization based on different system configuration or equipment selection
Name of client along with Installed PV Capacity:
  • Metro Faisalabad (842 KWp)
  • Metro Airport Road Lahore (786 KWp)
  • Metro Stargate Karachi (770 KWp)
  • Metro Safari Karachi (758 KWp)
  • Metro Thokar Niaz Baig Lahore (702 KWp)
  • Metro Model Town Lahore (694 KWp)
  • Metro Islamabad (673 KWp)
  • Serena Hotel Faisalabad (365 KWp)
  • Serena Hotel Quetta (337 KWp)
  • Serena Hotel Islamabad (322 KWp)
  • Telenor KLP Lahore (102 KW)
  • World Bank – Main Building (85 KW)
  • Telenor DHA Lahore (43 KWp)
  • Bank Alfalah Gulberg Lahore (29 KWp)
  • World Bank – Main Building (85 KW)
  • World Bank – IFC Building (23 KW)
  • Bank Alfalah Shahdin Manzil Lahore (21 KWp)

   

Typical Poor Condition of Meters and Service Cables After PDP Initiative

Metro Faisalabad (842 KWp)

Metro Airport Road Lahore (786 KWp)

   

Poor Condition of Service Cables After PDP Initiative2

Metro Stargate Karachi (770 KWp)

Metro Safari Karachi (758 KWp)

   

Poor Condition of Service Cables After PDP Initiative2

Metro Thokar Niaz Baig Lahore (702 KWp)

Metro Model Town Lahore (694 KWp)

   

Poor Condition of Service Cables After PDP Initiative2

Metro Islamabad (673 KWp)

Metro Mangopir Karachi (585 KWp)

   

Poor Condition of Service Cables After PDP Initiative2

Serena Hotel Faisalabad (365 KWp)

Serena Hotel Quetta (337 KWp)

   

Poor Condition of Service Cables After PDP Initiative2

Serena Hotel Islamabad (322 KWp)

Telenor KLP Lahore (102 KW)

   

Poor Condition of Service Cables After PDP Initiative2

World Bank – Main Building (85 KW)

Telenor DHA Lahore (43 KWp)

   

Poor Condition of Service Cables After PDP Initiative2

Bank Alfalah Gulberg Lahore (29 KWp)

World Bank – IFC Building (23 KW)

   

Poor Condition of Service Cables

Bank Alfalah Shahdin Manzil Lahore (21 KWp)


Installation of Solar Power Plants at IHT and ECL Head Office



The project aims to install Solar PV power plants at Head Office of Iqbal Hamid Trust (IHT) and Eastern Carpet Limited (ECL), and operate autonomously without receiving sovereign payment guarantees from the government.

  • Based on commercially negotiated terms, PITCO has signed long term Power Purchase Agreements (PPAs) with Iqbal Hamid Trust (IHT) and Eastern Carpet Limited (ECL).
  • PITCO is bearing all the financial and commercial risks of exchange rate fluctuations, grid cost and fuel cost variations etc. during the life of the PPA.
  • IHT and ECL are receiving clean power at 5% below their baseline cost of Electricity under its “Existing Facility Scenario”
Services provided:
  • Site survey and assessment of solar sites
  • Feasibility study of solar sites
  • Interconnection point assessment and capacity analysis
  • System layout, planning and optimization
  • System design, such as selection of key equipment like module type and brand, inverter type and brand, rack design, foundation design, and interconnection design
  • Financial modelling, Cost and economy analyses
  • Selection of protection equipment for DC and AC side of the system
  • Preparation of specifications for Solar PV Modules, Solar Inverters
  • Bids evaluation for different components of the system
  • Power Plant erection and commission
  • Run power generation on the building block for the facility key characteristics such as yield, Performance ratio, and capacity ratio
  • System optimization based on different system configuration or equipment selection
Typical Poor Condition of Meters and Service Cables After PDP Initiative

Solar Power Plant at Eastern Carpet (Pvt) Ltd

         Solar Power Plant at Iqbal Hamid Trust


USAID Power Distribution Program (PDP)

High Pressure Cogeneration in pakistan

Power Distribution Program (PDP) aims to facilitate improvements in electric power distribution utilities across Pakistan. PDP is designed to transform the electricity sector, particularly the distribution companies (DISCOs). The challenges are significant and DISCOs sit at the nexus of the problems that prevent long-term sustainability of the power sector. Loss levels are staggering, operations are inefficient, tariffs are unrealistic, corruption is pervasive, and demoralized utility staffs too often lack the capacity needed to perform effectively. The project is being undertaken by International Resources Group – IRG (USA). PITCO is the local partner for the project, and has dedicated team of experts working across eight DISCOs throughout the county. Our scope of work includes:

  • Operational audit of participating DISCOs
  • Development of comprehensive performance improvement action plan for DISCOs
  • Development of action plans for MWP and NEPRA
  • Comprehensive analysis of cost of service and tariff design
  • Legal and policy review of DISCOs and NEPRA
  • Human resource development and change management
  • Identification of options for reduction of theft and corruption
  • GIS Mapping of Distribution System
  • GPS survey of electrical consumers and network assets
  • GIS base map and digitization of electrical network assets (Feeders, Transformers, and Poles)
  • Consumer Census for Upgrading Consumer Information System
Smart Metering at Industrial & Residential Consumers

The project objective is to lay foundation for Peshawar Electric Supply Company (PESCO) to combine Smart Metering with demand response, intelligent control and distribution automation. The implementation of project aims to set pace for organization wide implementation of AMI technologies to meet the needs of all service territories. PITCO’s team of experts is involved in implementation of smart metering initiative for 12,000 Industrial and 42,000 residential consumers at PESCO. PITCO has been involved in:

  • Preparation of bidding documents and technical specifications
  • Evaluation of bids, tendering, and vendor shot-listing.
  • Development of process flows & SOPs for data communications
  • Preparation of mechanisms for monitoring communication processes between meter, modem & control center
  • Development of procedures for sharing energy data (load profiles,consumption, and billing data) to concerned departments
  • Installation, commissioning & testing of complete system
Smart Metering at Residential, Industrial, Agriculture Consumers and Distribution Transformers
High Pressure Cogeneration in pakistan

As field implementation manager, PITCO is involved in planning, designing and implementation of a standalone Meter Data Collection (MDC) system, and managing it centrally for five (05) DISCOs. The MDC system is being deployed for residential, industrial, commercial, and agricultural consumers and for energy accounting at distribution transformers. The project involves 17,000 metering nodes spread across all participating DISCOs. PITCO has been involved in:

  • Participation in preparation of feasibility studies, and technical due diligence
  • Preparation of requirements, engineering design, and technical architecture of business solution
  • Preparation of specifications for solution components i.e. MDC System, Communication Network, Co-Located Data Center, etc.
  • Preparation of specifications and bidding documents for solution components i.e. AMR meters, MDC System, Communication Network, Co-Located Data Center, etc.
  • Technical evaluation of proposals and vendor short-listing
  • Review and evaluation of factory acceptance tests of the material
  • Development of process flows & SOPs for data communications
  • Planning remote acquisition of energy data as load profiles at instantaneous, planned & periodic intervals
  • Preparation of mechanisms for monitoring communication processes between meter, modem & control center
  • Planning system administration tasks i.e. user creation, role definition, and scheduling meter data back-ups
  • Provision of insight on visualization of time-series data grouped on the basis of time duration, load pro-file or meter stations in the shape of graphs & tables
  • Developing procedures for sharing energy data (load profiles, consumption, and billing data) to concerned departments
  • Designing of report formats and provision of remote web access to energy data
  • Installation/commissioning and end to end testing of system
  • Implementation of GPRS based VPN for data connectivity between field devices and back-end system through telecommunication service provider
  • Technical evaluation of overall solution
GIS Mapping, Load Flow Analysis and Feeder Rehabilitation Proposals of Distribution System

As part of program activities, PDP team has demonstrated use of Geographical Information System (GIS) for mapping the HT/ LT consumers and electrical network assets, on a geographical base map, to help define the consumer’s electrical connectivity across all targeted DISCOs. PITCO has conducted GIS mapping, load flow analysis and prepared feeder rehabilitation proposals of more than 512 feeders all across Pakistan, covering a total length of more than 12,000 km of HT and LT network across the 9 state owned electricity distribution companies. GPS survey has been conducted for geo-referencing and mapping the relevant electrical assets on the digital base map. GPS survey of electrical consumers and network assets involved identification of all consumers and their service connections, followed by the preparation of GIS base map and digitization of electrical network assets (Feeders, Transformers, and Poles). The purpose was to demonstrate wide range of solutions associated with GIS encompassing the entire business value chain in the power distribution sector – from setting up distribution network and load management to customer information, assets management, billing and customer services. This work was coupled with building a bridge between the GIS geo database in ESRI, as the load flow software so that the GIS data collected in the field could be cleaned up in ESRI, and then exported directly to the load flow analysis software. This was followed by conducting HT and LT load flow analysis of the distribution network, so that a segregation of technical and non-technical losses could be carried out. This was later coupled with HT and LT feeder rehabilitation proposals that were developed for the utility so that the technical losses could be reduced.

Advanced Meter Reading (AMR) System

As a part of program activities, PITCO is implementing a standalone software for the Meter Data Collection (MDC) centrally managed by PDP for 5 Power Distribution Companies (DISCOs). Meter data collection (MDC) system is being deployed for 17,000 metering points which include AMRs on distribution transformers, Commercial, Industrial and Residential meters. The AMR head-end system is designed to be co-located at data center in Lahore, which will provide shared infrastructure and services to the five DISCOs where the AMRs will be installed under the program. The DISCOs are provided remote access through secure private and self-healing physical and logical MPLS L3 VPN links to the meter data repository applications hosted at the service provider’s Data Center, central hosting facility to use the meter readings for billing and monitoring. Additionally, the project will involve GSM/GPRS communication on the AMR meters, which is covering point to point communication. The project involved working with Islamabad Electric Supply Company (IESCO), Peshawar Electric Supply Company (PESCO), Lahore Electric Supply Company (LESCO), Hyderabad Electric Supply Company (HESCO) and Multan Electric Power Company (MEPCO). This project is the first AMR project in Pakistan, and will provide a road map and scalable platform to the DISCOs to implement smart metering projects in the future.

Financial Management of Power Distribution Companies
  • Preparation of a 10 year financial forecast model to allow the utilities to better plan their financial forecasts, including budgetary planning, financial forecasting, project financing, cash flows, etc.
  • Preparation and implementation of financial accounting manual, with revised book of financial powers, including new process flows which envision a full scale ERP implementation
  • Development and implementation of revised internal audit manual, including the realignment of the internal audit function and implementing outsourced external co-auditing function Implementing new tariff petition process which involves carrying out a real cost of service study, to allow the utility to calculate its real cost of delivery of electricity to all category of consumers
    • Data collection and verification through AMRs installed on selected distribution feeders for verification of load allocations for various categories of consumers
    • Structuring Tariff Design, based on justifiability, transparency, and simplicity, to give price signals to consumers for efficient utilization of electricity
Cost of Service Study & Tariff Design
  • Cost of Service & Tariff Design
    • Development of customized Cost of Service (CoS) Mode to allow DISCOs to calculate cost reflective tariffs and support for implementation of CoS Model
    • Revenue Requirement Estimation involving analysis of financial statements, budgets, capital expansion plans, sales, and demand and load data projections
    • Selection of appropriate methodology to allocate costs to different customer categories
    • Installation of AMR meters at selected feeders across all 9 DISCOs to improve the quality of input data for Cost of Service study
    • Training sessions for DISCO & NEPRA professionals on CoS, Performance Benchmarking, Strategic Planning, Balance Score Card development and implementation
  • Assistance to NEPRA
    • Improvement in regulatory guidance for DISCOs regarding power acquisition
    • Development of vision of the competitive market structure based on international best practices
    • Review of Tariff rules and regulations and recommend modifications and more efficient approaches for Tariff determination
    • Assessment and establishment of relationship between NEPRA and international regulatory bodies (regional or countries with similar conditions) and facilitation in out/in-country training and information exchange.
Change Management & Human Resource Management
  • Technical assistance in specialist areas of HR, training and capacity building
  • Identification of critical success factors in terms of change management
  • Development of change management strategy and training and development plan
  • Organizational Re-organization of 2 of the DISCOs, which included the following:
    • Updating the old WAPDA HR Manual, and converting into an updated Policies & Procedures document
    • Job Classification, including job descriptions and KPIs for each position
    • Performance Management System to replace the old ACR/PER system
    • Compensation and Benefits study to propose revised salary packages which are reflective of the market
    • Organizational Assessment Study & Restructuring strategy of the entire DISCO
    • Implementation of a HRIS system for the entire DISCO
    • Development of a long term training & capacity building plan
PITCO also carried out an Organizational Restructuring at NEPRA
  • Job Classification, including job descriptions and KPIs for each position
  • Performance Management System
  • Compensation and Benefits study to propose revised salary packages which are reflective of the market
Engineering and Operations
  • Setup Planning & Engineering Centers across all 8 DISCOs
    • Setup modern state of the art P&E centers
    • Trained DISCOs on using GIS based mapping technique for distribution system mapping
    • Trained DISCOs on converting GIS data into modern load flow analysis software for technical loss calculations, and segregating technical and non-technical (Commercial) losses
  • Implemented Pakistan’s first wide scale AMR project in 5 DISCOs
    • Implemented Pakistan’s first AMR solution for the domestic and commercial consumers, by installing a centralized data center hosted at Wateen’s Data Center, and connected it to 5 DISCOs across Pakistan
    • Installed 14,000 AMRs in a high loss sub division at Hyderabad, reducing meter reading cycle to 1 day from 31 days.
    • Provides daily monitoring of consumer load, consumption, and other key parameters to curtail theft
    • Also installed AMR meters on distribution transformers at various feeders in Lahore, Multan and Islamabad to demonstrate energy accounting principles and linking transformer readings to downstream consumers billing
  • Setup Load Dispatch Centers at all 8 DISCOs
    • Setup LDI project country wide, which has installed AMRs on all outgoing feeders across Pakistan
    • Has allowed the DISCOs to monitor their demand and supply, and eliminate forced load shedding
DISCO Commercial Operations
  • Implementation of Hand Held Unit System
    • Implemented HHU based system for meter reading using pictures and manual key punching
    • Linked it with the billing system so that manual manipulation of meter readings could be eliminated
  • Implemented RF enabled Meter Reading System
    • Implemented first walk by system in Pakistan, whereby meter readers will read the meters by walking on the street
    • Minimum human interaction
  • Implementing Customer Information System (CIS) at one division
    • Have been involved in defining the business rules for implementing a CIS at one DISCO
    • This has replaced the old COBOL legacy based system
Consumer Census for Upgrading Consumer Information System

Consumer census has been carried out in a selected subdivision for updating Consumer Information System (CIS) and integrating GIS data with CIS. Consumer Census Team comprising of Enumerators and GIS Surveyors are involved in comprehensive data collection activity. The information collected during the census is aimed to update CIS for contact information consumer, type of usage, meter particulars, actual load, and GIS coordinates. The census has not only demonstrated efficient mechanism for updating CIS and incorporating GIS information at the same time, it has also highlighted the need of effective communication link between consumer and DISCO for resolution of issues and complaints.

Checking, Testing and Rehabilitation of Meters

PDP teams have undertaken Meter Checking, Testing and Rehabilitation work on 2 sub divisions in LESCO and PESCO respectively, and have been involved in replacing and rehabilitating more than 40,000 electronic meters in these utilities. The activity was followed up with auditing of the meter reading routes, and this has led to an increase in revenue of approximately US $ 1 million in additional revenue for these utilities.

Typical Poor Condition of Meters and Service Cables After PDP Initiative

Typical Poor Condition of Meters and Service Cables

After PDP Initiative

In addition to rehabilitation of meters, service cable network was also fixed.

 Poor Condition of Service Cables  After PDP Initiative2

Poor Condition of Service Cables

After PDP Initiative

The initiative was implemented not only to demonstrate considerable reduction in energy losses, but also to highlight associated benefits like uninterrupted electric supply to consumers and theft control.

USAID Energy Efficiency & Capacity (EEC) Project

The Energy Efficiency and Capacity Project (EEC) is a three-year effort funded by US Agency for International Development (USAID). The EEC project will improve the power supply situation in Pakistan by reducing losses and lowering demand for power. The project is being undertaken by International Resources Group – IRG (USA). PITCO is the local partner for the project, and has a team of engineers working in the areas of Demand Side Management through:

  • Energy Efficiency in Agriculture
  • Replacement of inefficient Municipal Water Pumping Systems
  • Inefficient Industrial Motor Replacements
  • LT Capacitor Installation Program
Operational Audits of Power Distribution Companies

PITCO carried out operational audits of all 8 state owned electricity distribution companies, which mapped the processes in key areas of

  • Finance
  • Engineering & operations
  • Commercial
  • Human Resources
  • Communications
  • Change Management

Based on these, Performance Improvement Action Plans were prepared for all the companies, which outlined long term investment needs, and also short term pilot projects which were funded by USAID. The specific projects were in all the key functional areas of the DISCOs, along with a cost benefit analysis.

Demand Side Management (DSM)

As part of the EEC Project, PITCO was involved in preparing an elaborate Power Conservation Action Plans at 4 electricity distribution utilities in Pakistan, i.e. MEPCO, HESCO, PESCO and QESCO. A team of PITCO specialists at each of the distribution companies setup the DSM Cell at the DISCOs. As part of this initiative, PITCO reviewed the existing organizational and operational structure of the DISCOs, their customer profiles, and transmission and distribution network profiles. The project is being implemented by International Resources Group – IRG (USA) and PITCO is the local partner for the project. Detailed Power Conservation Action Plans were developed for the DISCOs, which included a comprehensive data collection exercise to collect system load profile data (with temperature sensitivity analysis), customer profile data, customer billing, collections and revenue data. Additionally, load research was carried out to prepare representative load profiles for various customer categories (Commercial, Domestic, Industrial, etc.), and temperature sensitivity analysis was carried out to understand the peak usages of the various consumer categories. Additionally, specific problem areas were identified and analyzed, which included losses in the distribution network, transformer burn out rate, theft of electricity, etc. A comprehensive DSM Program was developed as a result of these Power Conservation Plans, to address each of the problem areas identified in the plans, which included DSM analysis such as benefit cost ratios, participant, utility, resources and total cost prospective. Each of the Plans included thorough financial and technical analysis of the options, and the benefits to the utility, consumers and the upstream power players (NTDC, PEPCO, etc.).

Energy Efficiency in Agriculture
High Pressure Cogeneration in pakistan

Call Center As part of project activities, PITCO established a dedicated call center was setup with call back facility. The call center was the primary contact for farmers who wish to get their inefficient pump sets replaced with energy efficient ones. More than 15,000 farmers were registered with the Call Center (either they called in, or outward calls were made from the Call Center). Information for those interested farmers were passed on to the energy audit teams for pre installation energy auditing and then to pump suppliers for establishing contacts and order confirmation. Farmer Meetings To raise awareness and to disseminate the benefits of the program, PITCO along with Pump Suppliers organized farmer meetings at District, Tehsil, and village level. More than 100 such meetings were organized across Sindh, Punjab and KPK. These meetings attracted over 8, 500 farmers for interactive discussions on energy efficiency, and allowed them to hear firsthand about electricity savings from farmers who had already replaced their pumpsets. Farmer Data Collection An online portal application was developed, by PITCO’s in-house software development team, to cater to the needs of the call center, energy audit teams, pump suppliers, and project management team. While attending an incoming call, each Call Center Representatives were required to record farmer and existing pump set information. The information entered helped the project management team in initial screening and evaluation of the case and devising followup strategy. Replacement of Pump Sets Followed by marketing and outreach activities, PITCO’s Energy Audit Teams conducted pre installation visits to the farmers’ sites (which included the energy audit and sizing of the energy efficient pump). Selected Pump Suppliers then take orders from interested farmers and install energy efficient pump sets. PITCO’s Energy Audit Teams visited farmers’ sites again to conduct Post Installation Energy Audits for calculation of resultant energy savings. Energy Auditing PITCO’s Energy Audit Teams undertook comprehensive energy audits of almost 10,000 pump sets for collection of detailed information such as details about pumps and motors (type, make, age, and rating) water requirements, status of meter installation, electrical consumption (voltage, current, power factor, and power consumption), underground water level in different seasons, power supply pattern, and the farmer’s willingness to participate in the Program. Existing Pump Set Performance Evaluation & Replacement Pump Set Sizing For all pump sets being audited, a detailed analysis was carried out by measuring the suction and discharge head, power input and water flow to evaluate the operating efficiency of all the pump sets. Based on the audit study, an efficiency index for the existing pumping system was prepared. After evaluation of existing pump set performance and operating efficiency, the capacity and type of new energy efficient pump sets to replace the existing pumps for the same discharge was determined. Optimum sizing of pump sets is essential to ensure same water discharge rates led and more optimal energy use. Post Replacement Energy Auditing After replacement, PITCO energy audit teams conducted detailed energy audits of energy efficient pumps and motors for measuring energy consumption and efficiency and to establish the peak demand savings that these pump sets have led to. Energy Savings Calculations The energy saving potential that can be achieved by replacing existing pumps with that of the energy efficient pump set was quantified based on the analysis of the measurements. A detailed cost benefit analysis associated with the implementation of each of the proposed energy conservation measure was undertaken by dedicated team of engineers.

Tubewell Efficiency Improvement Program

An integral part of the EEC project is to demonstrate Demand Side Management practices through pilot initiative. TWEIP has been designed to demonstrate the potential to significantly improve the efficiency of the use of electricity in the world’s largest irrigation-based agricultural system. The project has a target to replace 11,000 inefficient tubewell pump sets with efficient ones across 7 DISCOs in Pakistan. With 11,000 replacements the project aims to reduce peak demand for electricity by approximately 45 MW and annual energy savings of 115.5 GWh. The project is being implemented by International Resources Group – IRG (USA) and PITCO is the local partner for the project.

 

 TW2  TW3

A Comprehensive Marketing Strategy has been developed to create awareness among farmers and communicate the benefits of replacing their current tube well pump sets with energy efficient pump sets. After identification of target segment (high end consumers of electricity in agricultural sector), newspaper advertisements and brochures are published, Awareness Raising Seminars are organized, and a dedicated Call Center is established for dissemination of information and enrollment of farmers in the program. Each DISCOs monthly electricity bill carries Program’s advertisements. Once a farmer is enrolled in the project, comprehensive onsite Energy Audit is conducted for collection of general information about the pump set, civil work conditions, measurements of electrical values (voltage, current, power factor, and input power) and water discharge, and calculations of head, efficiency and flow of existing pump set. Based on energy audit data and calculated parameters, precise resizing of pump set is done to ensure enhanced efficiency and energy savings. Post implementation energy audits are conducted, after installation of new pump set, to ensure realization of envisioned energy savings.

 TW4  TW5

Measurement of Energy Consumption

 TW6  TW7

Measurement of Delivery Pipe Diameter

 TW8  TW9

Measurement of Flow and Delivery Length

 TW10  TW11

Measurement of Static & Dynamic Water Level

Based on the results of 4,583 Pre-replacement Energy Audits conducted (till March 18, 2011)  across seven participating DISCOs, the energy demand savings through replacement of inefficient tubewell pumpsets with new energy efficient tubewell pumpsets are expected to be 27.61 MW.

Replacement of inefficient Municipal Water Pumping Systems
High Pressure Cogeneration in pakistan

Nationwide, electricity consumption by tubewell pumpsets amounts to 15% of the total annual energy consumption, with substantial variation from one DISCO to another. Most of the Tubewells & pump-sets operating in Municipalities under different DISCOs are highly inefficient, worn out and relatively consuming very high energy to operate. The efficiency level of these pumps ranges between 18 to 45% whereas the service time of the pumping stations is about 21 hrs / day being essential to cater the needs of households. The replacement of inefficient Municipal Water Pumping Systems aims to replace inefficient motor pumpsets replacement in the publicly-owned water and sewerage utilities. These municipal water and sewerage pumpsets are a large load on each Pakistani DISCO. The energy audits and savings calculations for the municipal pumpset replacement program have been carried out along the same lines as the “Energy Efficiency in Agriculture” Program. PITCO’s Energy Audit Teams have undertaken pre-replacement and post-replacement energy audits of over 200 municipal pumpsets. The replacement of 135 tube-well pump-sets at Capital Development Authority (CDA) and 75 tube-well pump-sets at Karachi Water and Sewerage Board (KWSB) was carried out as part of project activities. The project was implemented by engaging three ISO-9906 certified pump-suppliers (KSB, MAK and HMA). Municipalities Pump Replacement Program was designed and implemented to

  • To demonstrate the potential of energy conservation to the Municipalities.
  • Exhibit multiple benefits of this program to encourage Utility Companies for adoption of the same methodology future replacement and expansion plan.
  • Setting up of trend to use ISO-9906 standardized & reliable pump-sets for cutting the extra cost incurred on variety of material inventory maintained for repair and maintenance.
  • Reduce considerable amount of peak energy demand from respective DISCOs.
  • Improved availability of water thru energy efficient and appropriate equipment to better serve the already water deprived areas due to inefficient pump-sets.
  • Training of the tubewell operators for proper use and handling of replaced submersible pump-sets particularly replaced against turbines.
  • Awareness raising amongst the engineering team of municipalities about the importance of energy auditing to understand consumption of energy vis a vis flow for timely and effective planning of replacement.
 1 CDA  2 KWSB
The replacement of 135 tubewell pump-sets in CDA under USAID-PDP program reduced peak demand by 1.07MW. In case of KW&SB, 75 pump-sets replacement reduced peak demand of 1.36MW.

 

PITCO was involved in implementation of following activities throughout project life cycle,

  •  Pre installation energy audit

The pre installation energy audit at 145 & 294 identified sites of CDA & KW&SB respectively was conducted to know the existing performance of the pump-sets, its flow and energy consumption. All pre installation energy audit results were submitted to the concerned Municipalities for their assessment and identification of sites for replacement to get the maximum benefit from this program.

  •  Sizing of Pump-sets and Installation

Based on pre installation energy audit data and considering the requirements at Municipality’s sites, most suitable pumps with appropriate motors were proposed to the pump-suppliers out of their models and after consultation and review, the final sizing with ancillary items was submitted to the suppliers. The Material Requisitions were prepared by the pump-suppliers and submitted to the program engineers for review and vetting before further submission to concerned Utilities

  •  Post installation energy audit

The post installation energy audits of replaced tubewells at CDA and KW&SB were conducted to develop the comparison of pump-set’s performance to ensure that replacements are in line with the program criteria.

 Municipal 1  Municipal 2

Measurement of Flow

 Municipal 3  Municipal 4

Measurement of Pipe Diameter & Head

 Municipal 5  Municipal 6

Measurement of Water Level and Collection of GPS Coordinates

  •  Rework and modification of pump-sets not conforming to the program’s criteria

All the underperforming replacement sites were identified to the suppliers for improvement, modification and even change of equipment to meet the required parameters set by the program.

  •  Re-post installation energy audit of modified pump-set sites

After rework & rectification of problematic sites, re-post installation energy audits were conducted to ensure that the problem is resolved, in case the pump-set does not meet the program’s criteria, the concerned supplier was again asked to resolve the issue either by modifications or putting the new pump-set.

  •  Recovery of old pump-sets for destruction and converting into scrap

Recovery of old pump-sets from municipalities thru the pump-supplier was managed to avoid reuse of the inefficient equipment by the beneficiary. After verification and checking destruction of old equipment at program warehouse was ensured thru the contractor.

  •  Monitoring, coordination and reporting of the project

Regular monitoring of all the program activities like pre & post installation energy audit, delivery of equipment, installation pace and retrieval of old confiscated equipment was conducted and coordination with vendors, municipalities and other stakeholders was a regular feature throughout the program.

Inefficient Industrial Motor Replacements

Industrial Motors Replacement program, a Demand Side Management (DSM) initiative, is being implemented across all 9 power distribution companies of Pakistan. The program engagement is through three leading Motor Companies supplying efficient motors (ABB, SIEMENS and WEG/AVANCEON) to industries located across the country. Activities performed by PITCO include: Energy Auditing PITCO’s Energy Audit Teams undertook comprehensive energy audits of inefficient industrial motors for collection of detailed information such as Facility Information, General Data, Key Electrical Parameters (Voltage, Current, Power Factor (PF), Frequency, Input Power, Active power, Reactive power, etc.), and Other Parameters (Motor temperature, Shaft speed, Bearing temperature, Motor vibrations, Bearing vibrations, etc.).

High Pressure Cogeneration in pakistan

PITCO’s Energy Audit Team have conducted pre-replacement audits of over 2100 inefficient industrial motors. Existing Motor Performance Evaluation A detailed energy efficiency analysis was carried out for all audited motors. The analysis took into account parameters such as operating hours, mode of operation, loading, electrical parameters, etc. Only motors with an operational efficiency of less than 85% were recommended for replacement. Post Replacement Energy Auditing After replacement, PITCO energy audit teams conducted detailed energy audits of the new energy efficient motors for measuring energy consumption and efficiency to establish the energy savings as a result of these replacements. PITCO’s Energy Audit Team have conducted post-replacement audits of over 1300 energy efficient industrial motors and 600 VFDs. Energy Savings Calculations Actual energy savings for each motor replacement was established through information collected from the Post-replacement energy audit as well as the Pre-replacement energy audit. The initiative is expected to achieve energy saving of 8 MW through operational efficiency improvement in industrial sector.

LT Capacitor Installation Program
High Pressure Cogeneration in pakistan

The project aims to install 150,704 Low Tension (LT) capacitors on agriculture tubewells connected to 9 DISCOs, i.e. QESCO, MEPCO, LESCO, FESCO, PESCO, HESCO, SEPCO, GEPCO, and IESCO. The objective is to reduce the reactive power demand on the system, lowering currents levels, and thus reducing demand & technical losses. Most of the rural feeders, especially those who predominantly serve tubewell loads, are being operated with Low Power Factor (mainly due to sub-standard / refurbished motors) and thus cause increased distribution losses. The project aims to reduce energy loss resulting from these inefficient tubewell motors on the feeders, by installing low tension (LT) capacitors at the consumer end. In addition to reduced energy losses, tubewell load demand will also be reduced considerably with improved power factor. Major activities undertaken by PITCO:

  • Measurement and record of pre-installation data (kW, kVA, kVAr, V, Amperes and Power Factor) of the induction motor installed on the Tubewell, to evaluate the kVAr values and determine the nearest available proper size of required LT capacitor.
  • Installation of properly sized LT capacitor after evaluation of the pre-installation energy audit data
  • Measurement and record of post-installation data (kW, kVA, kVAr, V, Amperes and Power Factor) to ensure that an appropriately sized LT Capacitor (resulting in at least a power factor value of 0.95) had been installed.
  • Preparation of Energy Savings based on Pre and Post Installation energy audit data.
GIS Mapping of Project Activities

As part of Tubewell Efficiency Improvement Program, GIS has been used as a valuable tool to locate and monitor project activities. Additionally, GPS coordinates are used to plot both pre & post audit activities carried out throughout the county.

 GIS1
GIS Application Development

As part of Tubewell Efficiency Improvement Program, PITCO’s dedicated team of expert developed a customized application for analysis of data, identification of area specific activities, and geographic mapping of areas with high energy saving potential.

 

 GIS locations of different types of farmer tubewells, searchable by pumpset efficiency, water table depth, efficiency, and other characteristics.

The solutions empower decision maker in identifying areas with specific energy efficiency, water table depth, water flow, water pumping hours, delivery head, land holding, and energy consumption of different types of tubewell pumpsets.

GIS Mapping of DISCOs

Expanding power supply compass has increased the need of effective and efficient resource planning, implementation of projects, and maintenance of quality services. To address these needs and requirements, a comprehensive enterprise resource planning coupled with utility mapping services is essential.

Distribution System

PITCO’s is currently involved in implementation of GIS electricity utility mapping services to plan, control, and co-ordinate critical areas in power supply, such as outage management, geographical database planning, distribution management, supply line management, installations management, etc. Our activities include,

  • Geo-Database creation
  • Integration of Consumer Information with Geo-database
  • GPS Field Inventory
  • Meter Reading, Testing, and Installation
  • Distribution Line Locating
  • Load Flow Analysis
  • GIS based Customized Applications Development

 Electricity Consumers – Superimposed on GeoMap

GIS Surveying

Spatial survey adds accuracy to any kind of raw technical as well as non-technical data available on ground. GIS based survey gives the answers to all potential questions which need to be answered for efficient resource management. Our services enable our clients to know what is where, how it is there, and why it is important. During GIS survey we consider following factors for delivering highly accurate data,

  • Highly qualified Surveyors and GIS Specialists
  • Automation of data digitization
  • Quality assurance of non-spatial & spatial data
  • Synchronization of GIS data and non-spatial data

          GIS5

USAID Support for Privatization Activity

The project is funded by USAID to provide significant assistance to the Government of Pakistan (GOP) to achieve the structural benchmarks related to privatization as well as the GOP’s longer term privatization agenda. In addition, the project aims to support the Privatization Commission’s (PC) efforts to administer and manage the privatization agenda and supporting the PC’s efforts to reform the corporate governance structure of Public Sector Enterprises (PSEs). Target areas for privatization are Aviation, Oil & Gas, Power, Banking & Finance, and Insurance PSEs. The initiative covers the following tasks:

Evaluation & Assessment: Evaluation, restructuring, and business plans for various entities prior to privatization, and undertaking skills gap analysis of the Privatization Commission and additional staffing needs

Staffing an Expert Panel: This includes sector experts transaction advisory, legal specialists, and financial/valuation experts as required through the life of the activity to assist the PC in completing sector assessments (to include competition assessment studies) in each of the five sectors prioritized by the PC (currently power distribution, production, insurance, industry, and aviation)

Privatization Research Studies: Rapid review of the private participation experience of previous privatization efforts, with reference to relevant international examples of private participation

Privatization Readiness Reports: Development of reports on prospects for private investment of each PSE being targeted by the PC, encompassing a review of the financial health and operational performance of each PSE , and the requirements for private sector participation, including modes of private participation (e.g. management contracts, concession agreements, and divestiture).

Restructuring Roadmaps: Preparation of restructuring roadmaps with the objective of creating institutional conditions which are optimal for attracting private investment

PITCO is a sub-contractor to Crown Agents on this project.

USTDA Project: Biomass Power Plant and Waste Heat Recovery for Cement Producer

High Pressure Cogeneration in pakistan

Pioneer Cement Limited (PCL) is experiencing the impacts of unreliable electricity – specifically, economic damage due to loss of productivity. This impedes business activity by increasing costs and negatively impacting the company’s ability to provide reliable cement supply for its customers. The increase in cost and uncertainty reduces Pioneer Cement’s ability to attract Pakistani and international investors, and negatively impacts employment, wage levels, and overall economic development. Pioneer Cement Limited’s approach to resolving the unreliable electricity supply issues consists of the following environmentally friendly projects:

  • Installation of 50MW Biomass Based Power Plant
  • Installation of 7MW Waste Heat Recovery Unit
  • Replacement of Inefficient Motors with High Efficiency Motors

Services provided by PITCO:

  • Detailed review of existing technical conditions and operations of the plant
  • Comprehensive technical review of existing plant power distribution system
  • Detailed analysis for long term biomass fuel supply chain
  • Recommendations on appropriate power plant technology to utilize proposed fuel mix
  • Preparation of land requirement, plant layout, civil, mechanical, electrical, and equipment layout at the site
  • Assessment of power plant connection and power export / import mechanism with existing grid station
  • Conducting and preparing report on preliminary environmental review of the project.
  • Budgeting estimation of Capital costs for installation of a 35-50 MW biomass-fired power generation plant

EU SWITCH Asia High Pressure Cogeneration Capacity Building Project in the Sugar Sector

High Pressure Cogeneration in pakistan

The European Union (EU) is funding an IHT (sister concern of PITCO) implemented High Pressure Cogeneration Capacity Building Project under SWITCH Asia Program. The specific objective of the project is to promote sustainable production of electricity through replication of high pressure cogeneration technologies in the sugar sector by supporting sugar mills through technology standardization, enabling access to finance, and mobilizing relevant public sector authorities.The project aims to achieve following results,

  • Reduce environmental and social cost of production through increased use of high pressure cogeneration technologies by sugar mills; using saved bagasse for electricity generation & grid export (which is primarily fossil fuel based) resulting in a reduction of GHG emissions
  • Replicate existing high pressure cogeneration practices by improving the capacity of 3 to 5 technology providers and 85 Sugar Mills (SMEs);creating linkages between 85 SMEs and 5 financiers; increasing the total share of SMEs with high pressure cogeneration implemented.
  • Promote an improved policy framework for high pressure cogeneration technology with an attractive tariff and standardized regulatory procedures for bagasse based grid export of electricity.

Following activities are being implemented under the project:

Training and Capacity Building of the Sugar Sector and Technology Providers
  • Establishment of a National Bagasse Power Support Cell at the PSMA, to offer technical, financial and regulatory assistance to its members
  • Development of standardized technical specifications based on regional best practices for high pressure equipment design and operation, and preparation of project implementation tender documents based on consultation among technology providers and sugar mills
  • In-house trainings and capacity building of Technology Providers to develop standardized HPC technology solutions
  • Training of technical staff of sugar mills on standardized design and technology selection
  • Development of business cases of technology switch to HPC for 70 sugar mills
  • B2B linkages between local and Indian technology providers of HPC systems
Improving Access to Finance
  • Financial risk assessment of bagasse based power projects
  • Development of toolkits for SBP’s Schemes for Financing Power Plants Using Renewable Power, and the Credit Guarantee
  • Trainings of the 5 major FIs in Pakistan on bagasse based co-generation projects and developed toolkits
  • Training of sugar mill financial departments on toolkits and CDM
  • Ensuring financial closure for 10 HPC projects
  • Development of project design document for CDM financing for 10 projects
Development of a Conducive Regulatory Regime
  • Establishment of Multi-stakeholder platform for bagasse based power systems
  • Orientation of NEPRA on regional Best Practices of tariff determination for bagasse power projects, especially India, through regional stakeholder consultations
  • Development of Cost of Power Generation study for bagasse based projects
  • Development of toolkit for swift tariff determination and approval for bagasse based projects
  • Conduct policy advocacy among Sugar Sector stakeholders, NEPRA, and the DISCOs
  • Conducting Multi-stakeholder consultations on the adoption of a New Power Purchase Policy
  • Revision of power purchase tariff for bagasse power

The project is being implemented by IHT (Lead Partner) which is sister concern of PITCO Private Limited, sequa GmbH Germany, The Energy and Resource Institute (TERI) India and Pakistan Sugar Mills Association (PSMA) Pakistan.

EU TRTA III: Pakistan Leather Competitiveness Improvement Program (PLCIP)

High Pressure Cogeneration in pakistan

Pakistan’s leather industry represents 6.5% of Pakistan’s total export base. However, analysis of the value chain points out that Pakistani leather sector is skewed towards low value addition products. This focus towards low value addition markets is due to the low competitiveness of Pakistan Leather Product (LP) sector. Facing major challenges from China, India and Turkey, the Pakistan leather product sector must improve its competitiveness to increase exports. The way to improve the leather sector is to develop demand-driven business development services (BDS) to upgrade existing and future firms in the sector. The delivery of BDS is a transfer of innovation to organization (management, value chain, quality control, maintenance, and technical service), hardware (machines, tools and systems) and knowledge (information, experience, skills, attitudes, initial and further training) in the form of processes or products. SMEs in the leather sectors have to be convinced that the consumption of these BDS will bring them a real benefit.

The European Union is funding the PITCO implemented Pakistan Leather Competitiveness Improvement Program (PLCIP) under the Trade Related Technical Assistance (TRTA) Phase III. PLCIP aims to directly support the GoP trade policy by working along the value chain of the leather products sector in fostering export diversification and the promotion of the leather sector, leading to improved trade competitiveness and enhanced earnings for the country.

The objectives of the Program are:  

  • Improve the availability of demand-driven business development services (BDS) for leather product SMEs,
  • Contribute to the competitiveness of the Pakistani leather sector
  • Improve international market access of Pakistani leather products

Following activities are being implemented under the Program:

  • Establishment and Operation of TRTA Competitiveness Cell (LCC)

PITCO is building the capacity of  major leather sector associations i.e. Pakistan Leather Garments Manufacturer and Exporters Association – PLGMEA , Pakistan Gloves Manufacturers and Exporters Association- PGMEA, Pakistan Footwear Manufacturers Association –PFMA  and Pakistan Tanners Association – PTA  to act as lobbying organizations and providers of information services to the sector. Further it is assisting the associations in developing the agenda for “Leather Export Promotion Council” under the Federal Ministry of Commerce.

  • Competitiveness Need Assessment of the Leather Product Sector

Detailed Competitiveness Need Assessment (CNA) of LP sector (Leather Garments, Leather Gloves and Leather Footwear) has been undertaken to identify key intervention areas for PLCIP in the technical and managerial practices of LP Sector in Pakistan. CNA was based on extensive secondary data research, primary survey of representative sample, walk through audit and presentation of the findings to the respective associations. CNA was led by international experts from International Shoe Competitiveness Centre and British Leather Centre.

  • Capacity Building of the Business Development Services/ VET providers

SWOT analysis of BDS/VET providers was undertaken and matchmaking with the LP sector needs was done PLCIP has engaged international master trainers for the training of local BDS/VET providers based on the findings of CNA. These international master trainers are developing targeted training programs to facilitate knowledge transfer to local BDS/VET providers. These international experts will spend most of their time in Pakistan for Training of Trainers (ToT) and in particular the training of Pakistani master trainers. Training of trainers will involve extensive shop floor implementation of the VET and BDS under supervision of international experts.

  • Marketing of BDS / VET providers via Showcases and trial audits and trial trainings

PLCIP is proposing ToT in such manner that it incorporates implementation of BDS/VET at shop floor hence the implementation of ToT will automatically transform into pilot demonstrations of improved BDS/VET. It is expected that 50 pilot projects will be undertaken in 30~40 showcased companies. Wide dissemination of the results of pilots will result in overcoming the resistance of change in LP firms.

  • International Marketing Campaign for Leather Product Sector

Show cased LP Firms LP firms with high potential for export will be promoted with export plans, initiatives for branding, marketing, improved compliance, participation  in  trade fairs, CSR initiative as marketing tool, quality and productivity audits and linkages with trend makers and design institutes.

EU SWITCH Asia Project Sustainable and Cleaner Production in the Manufacturing Industries of Pakistan (SCI-Pak)

The project aims to develop a model for Sustainable Production through the implementation of a range of energy efficiency and resource recovery initiatives in the Textile and Tannery sectors in Pakistan, with the potential to adapt these initiatives to other manufacturing industries in the long-term (e.g. sugar, pulp & paper, steel re-rolling, etc.). The initiative covers following activities:

  • Life Cycle Analysis of textile and leather processing industries
  • Capacity Assessment of local industrial equipment manufacturers for technology transfer
  • Transfer of Technology of Energy and resource Efficiency equipment manufacturing to local IEMs and Universities
  • Implementation of Energy Efficient Pilot Initiatives along the entire production chain
  • Development of Business cases for energy and resource efficiency initiatives
  • Creation of a sustainable production network
  • Creation of an Enabling Environment
  • Policy Dialogue & Dissemination

More information is available about the project at www.sci-pak.org

The project is being implemented by the UNEP Center for Sustainable Consumption and Production at Wuppertal Institute (Germany), TTZ Bremerhaven (Germany), and PITCO’s sister concern IHT Pakistan, along with CPI Pakistan.

Feasibility Study of Biomass Power Generation for Government of Punjab

  • Assessment of supply of the biomass fuel, its quantity & supply chain
  • Evaluation and recommendations on specifications & size of the cutting edge technology, machinery, technology manufacturers, and installation & operation on sustainable basis
  • Services include:
    • Determination of biomass availability (location and seasonal variations) and present consumption of different biomass resources
    • Comprehensive assessment of biomass value chain including, distances to the pilot power generation plants; transportation routes and costs; and role of farmers, biomass suppliers, and distributors
    • Determination of most appropriate method and associated costs for preparation of biomass to facilitate transportation and utilization
    • Comparative analysis of different technology applications for identification of most suitable power generation technology
    • Detailed techno-economic analysis of the recommended technology including sensitivity analysis
    • Recommendations on best mode of operation of the proposed power plants such as IPP, JV or public sector under PPP
    • Analysis of relevant legal laws, regulations, issues and legal perspective
    • Identification of risks associated with inception; Site/Location selection; overlapping jurisdiction; financial closure, operational, commercial, regulatory, political, force majeure and preparation of mitigation plan

CDKN Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMA) Project
Renewable Energy NAMA Sialkot, Pakistan (Phase-I)

The objective of the project is to propose a NAMA (Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions) in renewable energy sector in Sialkot, Pakistan

Services provided:

  • Map and assess the national and provincial policy and institutional environment governing industrial energy, and renewable energy (RE) deployment especially in Punjab as well as the current and future energy requirements, to determine the scope of necessary intervention
  • Assess the range and viability (market and technological) for RE in the industrial sector in Sialkot, Punjab, and identify options that could be packaged into a NAMA
  • Assess GHG emissions reduction potential of the options identified
  • Assess the resilience and vulnerability of options to current and future projected climate change
  • Estimate costs involved in implementing these options, including technical and financial risk profile of the action.
  • Evaluate co-benefits (in terms of meeting other development objectives like environmental safeguards, improving energy security, climate resilience, jobs creation etc.)
  • Analyse the barriers to implementation of identified mitigation options
  • Estimate the time required before results can be realized in terms of GHG reduction and other goals like extra jobs created, cost reduction, etc.
  • Analyse whether a NAMA is the most appropriate policy instrument for promoting renewable energy provision in the Punjab given technical and institutional capacities as well as other factors.
  • Prioritize and list viable option/s that can be developed into a NAMA proposal or other policy instrument as appropriate, and map next steps in that direction, including resource requirements, envisioned outputs and outcomes, and timelines.
  • Assess and engage the variety of stakeholders involved
  • Conduct partners dialogue and consultations in order to determine/establish buy-in of the proposed idea and validate findings.

The Project is being implemented by Ecofys Germany, and PITCO is the local partner.


Supporting the Development of a Renewable Energy Solutions NAMA for Sialkot Industrial Sector and Climate Finance        Access (Phase – II)


This project builds on the work delivered in a previous phase (NAMA Phase 1) of the project and aims to provide the government with a viable approach for planning and designing a practical support package for renewable energy in the Sialkot industry, including options for financing, structuring and implementation. The NAMA instrument provides a framework for this analysis, and potentially a viable option for the government to pursue. The project is intended to develop the basic engineering and financial scheme for a program that aims to install roof-top PV panels in hundreds of small and medium size enterprises in Sialkot. The objectives of this project are to:

  • Develop the NAMA instrument for roof-top PV panels for Sialkot SMEs, specifically to provide a reliable source of energy to the Sialkot industry including the private sector
  • Increase information and awareness of Sialkot Private Sector in climate finance opportunities such as GCF for possible NAMA co-financed implementation options

Services provided:

  • Gap analysis in current policy and institutional framework with regards to the successful deployment of PV panels in Sialkot’s leather, sports and surgical sectors.
  • Technical assessment, basic engineering on the estimated electricity generation on selected sites for estimates for the three industrial sectors. Includes baselines and cost-benefit analysis
  • Financial analysis, estimates on potential costs and cash flows (cost savings) from the implementation of roof-top PV panels in the three industries based on the technical assessment
  • Local Workshop on preliminary results
  • Climate finance component: Climate finance/ GCF Awareness raising/access modalities/ institutional analysis/ recommendation Report
  • MRV system and protocol for the sites with a finalized technical and financial analysis that best fit the capacities and resources of the Pakistani government
  • Tentative NAMA implementation plan with tasks, key indicators (outputs and outcomes), timeline and the roles and responsibilities
  • Climate Finance Recommendation Report .
  • National workshop for the official presentation of the proposed NAMA Report.


World Bank Capacity Building for Energy Efficiency in Punjab


Project is mainly focused on capacity building of Energy Department Punjab for implementing the Energy Efficiency & Conservation Strategy devised earlier. The duration of the project is 18 months since July 2015. International Finance Corporation (IFC), the World Bank Group, is supporting the implementation of the strategy through Korea Energy Agency (KEA), Ernst & Young (EY) Korea, EY Pakistan and PITCO Private Limited Pakistan.





PITCO has lead role in two components of the project:

  • In-depth Regulatory and Institutional Analysis

Comprehensive institutional analysis of existing setups related to energy efficiency and conservation is conducted by PITCO. PITCO is coordinating with key Governmental institutions during the scoping mission of Korean Energy Management Corporation (KEMCO) and IFC. Primary and secondary data acquisition through extensive stakeholder consultation and research is made. The data is collected through structured questionnaires specially developed for the purpose. As-Is Analysis depicting the existing institutional setups and their functionality is developed. Also high level South-South knowledge sharing event is facilitated in South Korea focusing on energy efficiency institution functions and framework. PITCO is drafting the Terms of Reference (TOR’s) for the working group on Energy Efficiency. EY Korea is facilitated by PITCO in preparation of Monitoring & Evaluation (M&E) Framework for the Energy Department Punjab.

  • Technical assistance and Capacity Development

PITCO facilitates the Govt. of Punjab in setting up interim institutional structure. PITCO is designing the target oriented training program for the staff of relevant implementation agencies along with Energy Department Punjab through specialized international experts. PITCO is also providing continual technical support to the Energy Department Punjab throughout the course of the project. Specific SMART action plans are being prepared for the Energy Department Punjab to improve the Strategy Implementation Mechanism.

World Bank ESMAP Project
Renewable Energy Resource (Solar) Mapping

The project is funded by the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP), a global knowledge and technical assistance program administered by the World Bank and supported by 11 bilateral donors. The ESMAP initiative aims to support country-driven efforts to improve renewable energy resource awareness, put in place appropriate policy frameworks for RE development, and provide ”open access” to resource and geospatial mapping data. It also supports the Global Atlas being developed by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) by improving the data availability and quality that can be accessed through the online portal on a modular basis. The initiative covers the following five phases of renewable energy resource mapping and geospatial planning activities:

  • Preliminary resource mapping output based on satellite and global atmospheric and metrological data
  • Ground based data collection
  • Production of validated resource atlas based on satellite and ground-based data
  • Geospatial planning (GIS) and strategic environmental assessment
  • Develop and agree policy framework to support investment

 

WB1

Under this initiative the Renewable Energy Mapping (Solar) project in Pakistan is being implemented by the Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt – DLR (Germany), in collaboration with CSP Services GmbH (Germany), ECOFYS (Netherlands), and PITCO was the local partner.

World Bank ESMAP Project
Renewable Energy Resource (Biomass) Mapping

  • Support sustainable expansion of electricity generation from biomass
  • Support renewable energy mapping and geospatial planning for biomass resources
  • Build knowledge base on location and potential of biomass resources
  • Analyze relevant legal laws, regulations, issues and legal perspective of the project
WB2

 

PITCO’s activities include:

  • Acquisition of satellite imagery , pre-processing, hybrid classification, and cluster analysis
  • GIS data acquisition (roads, water, urban areas, etc.) to identify most appropriate supply chain mechanism
  • Preparation of baseline resource atlas and potential biomass energy use modeling
  • Recommendation on suitable options for biomass handling and storage
  • Identification of most suitable power generation technology through comparative analysis of different technology applications

World Bank Reform Strategy for Municipal Water Supply and Sanitation

High Pressure Cogeneration in pakistan

The Government of the Punjab (Pakistan) wishes to improve the water supply and sanitation in the major cities of the province. Under this program, the options are to be examined for improving the efficiency of the water supply and sanitation services through contractual arrangements, Public Private Partnerships, and financial incentives. Building on this, clear rules are to be drawn up for establishing the costs in use as well as for defining measures to monitor the quality of the water supply and sanitation services. Services Provided:

  • Economic, Social and Financial Analysis
  • Willingness to pay survey and tariff analysis
  • Training needs analysis
  • Institutional Capacity Building for Accelerated Program Implementation
  • Consensus Building Workshops
  • Action plan and Implementation Plan
  • Dissemination workshops

Kot Addu Power Company Owner’s Engineer Services for Combined-Cycle Power Station

High Pressure Cogeneration in pakistan

Appointed as owner’s engineer by KAPCO for their 450 MW CCPP being setup in District Muzafargarh. Following activities will be undertaken during the project:

  • Tender Document Preparation, Evaluation of Bids, Negotiations and Signing of EPC Contract
  • Design Review and Approvals
  • Construction Supervision and Commissioning

Kohinoor Maple Leaf Cement Group (KMLG). Concept Study for a Coal Fired Power Plant Project, Pakistan

High Pressure Cogeneration in pakistan

KMLG planned to optimize their power generation facilities at their cement plant in Mianwali, but setting up a 30 MW Coal Fired Power Plant at their cement plant by utilizing domestic coal. Prepared a concept study, covering technical and financial details for the project, and evaluated the feasibility of setting up this plant.    

Kohinoor Maple Leaf Cement Group (KMLG). Technical Assistance for a Heat Recovery Power Plant Project, Pakistan

High Pressure Cogeneration in pakistan

KMLG planned to optimize their power generation facilities at their cement plant in Mianwali, but utilizing the exhaust process gases and setting up a heat recovery system to capture this heat, and then setup a steam turbine to generate electricity from this captured heat. Recommended the most economically viable concepts to ensure that this will lead to an applicable and sufficient solution and based on this prepared the tender documents and went through a complete bidding process to find the most viable Contractor for the project. Undertook site visits and evaluation of the proposals received, and was involved in the project up till award of contract.

WAPDA – Detailed Design and Tender Document Preparation for Golen Gol Hydropower Project

High Pressure Cogeneration in pakistan

Appointed as Owners’ Engineer by WAPDA, the state utility in Pakistan, to carry out detailed design and then prepare tender documents and specifications for the 106 MW Golen Hydropower Project. This project is being financed by the Kuwait Development Fund and the Saudi Development Fund.

Pak Arab Fertilizer Technical Assistance for a Co-generation Power Plant Project, Pakistan

High Pressure Cogeneration in pakistan

Pak Arab Fertilizer is planning to optimize their power generation facilities at the plant in Multan. As a first step conducted review of the existing concepts to ensure that the concepts will lead to an applicable and sufficient solution. Based on the existing concepts, suggestions were made for optimizing the existing concepts. Also provides assistance to Pak Arab in reviewing or modification of the tender specifications depending on the results of the concept optimization.    

Pak Arab Fertilizer Owner’s Engineer for a Cogeneration Power Plant during Tendering and EPC Contract Award

High Pressure Cogeneration in pakistan

Assisted Pak Arab during the tender period and the tender evaluation to ensure the technical and commercial completeness of the EPC tender and to submit an evaluation report with conclusions and recommendations towards the most successful tender. Also assisted during the contract negotiation with the selected EPC tender and compiled the EPC contract documents ready for signature.

Patrind Hydropower Project Feasibility Study for 135 MW Patrind hydropower plant

High Pressure Cogeneration in pakistan

Conducting feasibility studies for 135 MW Patrind hydropower plant, height 35 m. Services performed as the associate consultant to PES are in the fields:

  • Rock Mechanics / Underground Works
  • Seismotectonic Studies
  • Hydropower Planning / Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical Engineering

Engro Chemical Pakistan Feasibility Study for a 150-250 MW Combined-Cycle Power Station

High Pressure Cogeneration in pakistan

Preparation of a feasibility study for the 150-250 MW combined-cycle power station on the basis of low-calorie gas including power station configuration, performance of a network study, preparation of an environmental impact study, performance of geological investigations, calculation of investment costs, economic and financial evaluation, review of the individual contractual agreements with respect to technical, economic and financial aspects.

Kot Addu Power Company Feasibility Study for the Extension of a Combined-Cycle Power Station, Pakistan

High Pressure Cogeneration in pakistan

Preparation of a feasibility study for the extension of a combined-cycle power station including power station configuration, performance of a network study, preparation of an environmental impact study, performance of geological investigations, calculation of investment costs, economic and financial evaluation, review of the individual contractual agreements with respect to technical, economic and financial aspects.

Fauji Foundation. Technical Support for 175-MW Daharki Combined-Cycle Power Plant, Pakistan

High Pressure Cogeneration in pakistan

Drawing up of specifications and tender documents, bid evaluation and support with contract negotiations as well as preparation of the EPC contract documents.

Swat Hydro Power. Feasibility Study for the Gabral-Kalam Hydropower Project

High Pressure Cogeneration in pakistan

Phase 1 – compilation of comprehensive database and comparison of construction options – and Phase 2 – feasibility study of best option with a planned rating of 100 MW, covering geological, hydrological and topographical investigations; assessments of environmental and social impacts; design of dam, waterways, turbine house and power transmission; economic analysis.

Saif Group Pakistan. Feasibility Study for a Gas/Steam Turbine Power Plant in Sahiwal

High Pressure Cogeneration in pakistan

Preparation of a feasibility study, with specification of power plant configuration and main components.        

Feasibility study for Sheikhupura Gujranwala Road Combined Cycle Power Station, Pakistan

High Pressure Cogeneration in pakistan

Prepared feasibility study for the power plant including consideration of its configuration; network study; environmental impact assessment; geological investigations; estimate of capital costs; economic and financial analyses; review of contractual agreements under technical, economic and financial aspects.    

Sapphire Electric Company EPC Tendering and Tender Evaluation for 225 MW CCPP

High Pressure Cogeneration in pakistan

Prepared tender documents as per the guidelines of the stakeholders, keeping in view the requirements of the public sector stakeholders, like WAPDA, NERPRA, etc, and then assisted the client in sending the specifications to reputable EPC Contractors. Provided assistance to the client during the tendering period and was responding to questions which might be raised by the EPC Tender. Evaluated the tenders according to technical and economic aspects and prepared a Bid Evaluation Report.

Fauji Foundation Preparation of Daharki CCPP Detailed Bankable Feasibility Study, Pakistan

Preparation of a feasibility study for the combined cycle power plant, including plant configuration, network study and geotechnical investigations; topographic survey; calculation of capital, operation and maintenance cost; economic and financial evaluations; review of contractual agreements under technical, economic and financial aspects, risk analysis.

List of Registered CDM Projects*

Project Title

Project Reference Number

Estimated number of CERs per year

Registration Date

ICI Polyester Co-generation Project

2,922

21,486

3-Jun-10

Almoiz Bagasse Cogeneration Project

3,300

23,319

14-Jul-10

Biogas-based Cogeneration Project at Shakarganj Mills Ltd., Jhang, Pakistan

3,230

18,703

2-Dec-10

DHCL Gas Turbine Based Cogeneration Project

4,596

31,522

19-Apr-11

DGKCC Waste Heat Recovery and Utilization for 10.4 MW Power Generation at Dera Ghazi Khan Plant

4,591

33,845

9-Nov-11

Substitution of Coal with Alternate Fuels at DG Khan Cement Company Limited, Khairpur Plant

6,642

132,439

6-Nov-12

Partial Substitution of Coal with Alternate Fuels at DG Cement, Khofli Sattai Dera Ghazi Khan Plant

8,192

162,135

16-Nov-12

Reduction of Heavy Fuel Oil usage for Power Generation at Lucky Cement, Pezu, Pakistan

8,201

18,884

20-Nov-12

Waste heat recovery and utilization for power generation at DG Cement Khairpur Plant

7,845

28,542

31-Oct-12

The National CFL Project, Pakistan

7,811

550,134

23-Oct-12

Waste Heat Recovery and Utilization for Power Generation at Maple Leaf Cement Factory Limited, Iskanderabad, Pakistan

5,406

49,784

31-Dec-12

Substitution of coal with alternate fuels at Lucky Cement, Karachi Plant

8,780

191,542

09-Jul-13

*PITCO has developed these projects through its subsidiary, Carbon Services (Pvt) Limited.

Gas Turbine Cogeneration System at ICI Polyester Pakistan

The project activity involves the installation of a natural gas based cogeneration system to meet the additional energy requirements arising due to the expansion project. The cogeneration system comprises four gas-fired turbines (10 MW) and four HRSGs (Heat Recovery Steam Generators, 12.5 tons each) to cater the power and heat requirements of the ICI Polyester project.

Almoiz Sugar Bagasse Cogeneration Project

The project activity involves installation of 27MW bagasse based high pressure bagasse cogeneration plant at Almoiz Sugar Mills. The electricity generated by the project activity will be able to fulfil the in house demand of electricity and surplus electricity will be exported to the grid. Unlike the conventional low pressure boilers and steam turbines, which is a common practice in Pakistan sugar mills, the cogeneration plant at Almoiz Sugar employs high pressure boilers and steam turbines. The high pressure boilers and steam turbine are highly efficient as compared to low pressure boilers and steam turbine. Due to increased electricity generation SML is able to export renewable electricity to the grid and thus reduces GHG emissions by partially displacing fossil fuel based electricity generated by power plants connected to the grid.

Biogas-based Cogeneration Project at Shakarganj Mills Ltd., Jhang, Pakistan

The main purpose of the project activity is to replace the electricity currently being imported from the grid by the conversion of biogas into electricity and to export the surplus amounts to the grid. The biogas is currently consumed in 5 boilers to produce steam for the process together with other fuels (bagasse and natural gas). The new gensets will utilize the additional biogas amount after implementation of the project activity. Electricity sold to the grid after project activity will be around 60,000 MWh/year.

DHCL Gas Turbine based Cogeneration Project

The project activity involves installation of natural gas based cogeneration system of 10.6 MW gas turbine (GT) with 46 tph heat recovery steam generator (HRSG). Waste heat of the gas turbine shall be recovered using HRSG. In addition, duct/secondary firing shall also be done at the HRSG. The electricity and steam generated by the gas turbine based cogeneration system shall meet the electrical power and steam demand of DHCL for urea fertilizer production process. Efficient use of natural gas in the project activity will result in 35,000 CERs per year.

DGKCC Waste Heat Recovery and Utilization for 10.4 MW Power Generation at Dera Ghazi Khan Plant

The project activity involves installation of total four heat recovery steam generators (HRSGs) of capacity 54.3 TPH and a steam turbo-generator for 9.36 MW net electricity generation. Two HRSGs will be installed on each kiln, one at pre-heater and one on cooler. As such, the project activity will displace the fossil fuel based grid electricity imports to DGKCC.

Substitution of Coal with Alternate Fuels at DG Khan Cement Company Limited, Khairpur Plant

The project activity involves the partial substitution of coal at the existing kilns with the available alternate fuels (Renewable agricultural waste such as, rice husk, corn cob, wheat straw, poultry waste, agro-waste and refused derived fuel (RDF) from Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) and tyre waste). In order to implement the proposed project activity a complete system (both RDF and TDF plants) for receiving, storing, and feeding alternative fuels will be built; the equipment shall be installed by VecoPlan of Germany.

Partial Substitution of Coal with Alternate Fuels at DG Cement, Khofli Sattai Dera Ghazi Khan Plant

The project activity involves partial substitution of coal at the existing 6,700 tonnes per day (TPD) kiln with available alternate fuels (agricultural waste such as, rice husk, corn cob, wheat straw, bagasse; textile waste; tyre waste; and refused derived fuel (RDF) from Municipal Solid Waste (MSW), etc.). The project involves technology transfer and the equipment shall be installed by VecoPlan of Germany.

Reduction of Heavy Fuel Oil Usage for Power Generation at Lucky Cement, Pezu, Pakistan

The project involves retrofitting Pezu’s existing heavy fuel oil (HFO) based Wartsila generators to operate in dual fuel mode, with natural gas (NG) as the primary fuel and an option to use HFO in case of gas unavailability. The project activity will reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emission from electricity generation, by replacement of a higher carbon intensive fossil fuel mix with a lower carbon intensive fossil fuel mix. In the pre project scenario, the generators were based on approximately 100% HFO. Under the project, the generators would be based on an average fuel mix of approximately 35% HFO and 65% NG. Thus, the project results in lower emissions for generation of equivalent amount of power.

Waste Heat Recovery and Utilization for Power Generation at DG Cement Khairpur Plant

The project activity involves installation of Kalina cycle based waste heat recovery system which includes three Heat Recovery Vapour Generators (HRVGs) having total capacity of 83tph (tonnes per hour) and one vapour Turbo Generator (TG) having gross electricity generation capacity of 8.6 MW HRVGs shall be installed at Preheater (PH) and Air Quenched Cooler (AQC) ends of the kiln. The electricity generated by the project activity will displace grid electricity imports to the cement plant.

ADB National CFL Project, Applying the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) & Project Implementation

The National CFL (Compact Fluorescent Light) project of the Ministry of Water and Power (MoWP), under the Asian Development Bank (ADB) investment program, aims to replace around 30 million incandescent lamps (ICL) in the domestic sector in select regions of Pakistan. The ICLs would be replaced with efficient, high-quality Compact Fluorescent Lamps (CFL).

 

Services provided as National CDM Expert:

  • Identification of key sectors suitable for Programmatic CDM approach (CFL distribution, solar water heating, biogas plants, etc.) in consultation with the Pakistan DNA and the International CDM Advisor
  • Preparation of PoA guidebook, PoA-PDD and the specific CPA-PDDs to develop the CFL distribution project as a PoA.
  • Provide technical inputs/advices for design of CFL distribution and monitoring procedures in-line with CDM Methodology.
  • Development of implementation guideline to carry out monitoring.
  • Provide technical inputs and support to the project implementation team in getting approvals from the DNA, non-objection certificate (NOC), validation of PDDs and registration at the CDM EB.
  • Design and conduct trainings (for all Distribution Companies-DISCOs) for project staff on relevant aspects of CDM in general, monitoring procedure for CDM and verification process.

 

Services provided as National Logistics Expert:

  • Help PEPCO and DISCOs establish CFL receipt, testing, and disbursement allocation procedures, including consignment tracking and supply chain logistics and design and implement CFL and IB accounting, chain-of-custody, and transaction procedures and documentation.
  • Advise on designing and implementing the project communications strategy at both the national and DISCO levels, including media content, CFL packaging and voucher design, customer interfacing, and response evaluation requirements.
  • Oversee allotment of CFL consignments to DISCOs and receipt at their respective regional distribution points.
  • Design a uniform database on CFL distribution to be shared with each DISCO following the implementation guidelines, and regularly collect/manage the data regularly by each DISCO.
  • Prepare an overarching and nine separate (for each DISCO) detailed project implementation schedules and work plans identifying timelines, milestones, resources, and dependencies for each DISCO’s implementation of each phase of CFL, voucher, and IB transactions and associated tasks that will serve as the reference benchmark for progress monitoring.

 

Services provided as National Process Auditor / Validator:

  • Inspect and verify CFL shipments received from contracted suppliers, including compliance with third-party testing and certification requirements for release of payment.
  • Help MOWP/PEPCO/DISCOs in meeting compliance, verification, data collection, and documentation requirements of CDM.
  • Guide PEPCO and DISCOs for proper CDM project implementation and monitoring following the implementation guidelines, including monitoring procedure, PoA guidebook, CDM PoA-DD, and CDM CPA-DD.
  • Help PEPCO and DISCOs establish CFL receipt, testing, and disbursement allocation procedures, including consignment tracking and supply chain logistics.
  • Evaluate each DISCO accounting, delivery, resource allocation, and internal auditing arrangements for CFL delivery, IB recovery, and voucher handling requirements.
  • Help MOWP communicate with the Designated Operational Entity (DOE) for verification and certification of Certified Emission Reduction credits generated from the Project.
  • Spot check voucher distribution, CFL delivery, and IB recovery at the household level based on representative sampling of urban, rural, bulk, income and remote customer stratification.

The project is being implemented by the PITCO’s sister concern Carbon Services (Pvt) Ltd., and international partner for National CDM assignment was PricewaterhouseCoopers (PWC).

Waste Heat Recovery and Utilization for Power Generation at Maple Leaf Cement Factory Limited, Pakistan

The project activity involves the installation of a Waste Heat Recovery (WHR) system to generate electricity using the two above mentioned sources of waste heat: Five Heat Recovery Steam Generators (HRSGs) having total capacity of 70.4 t/hand a steam turbine of 16.5MW are included in the project system. The electricity generated by the project activity will displace grid electricity imports to the cement plan.

Substitution of Coal with Alternate Fuels at Lucky Cement, Karachi Plant

The project activity comprises installation of tyre derived fuel (TDF) and refuse derived fuel (RDF) systems (plants) at the three existing kilns at Lucky Cement, Karachi plant. The project activity would result in maximum of 50% substitution of coal with alternative fuels (TDF from tyre waste, RDF from Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) and biomass residues such as, Rice Husk). MSW consists of agricultural waste (rice husk), shredded woods, shredded paper, shredded rubber, shredded clothes and shredded polyethylene. However, percentages of MSW contents may vary upon each delivery. For the preparation of RDF manual sorting of plastic and paper will be done on site. The project activity will result in transfer of modern technology to the host country as RDF and TDF plants are manufactured by Vecoplan Germany and Eldan Recycling A/S Denmark, respectively.

Other CDM Projects undertaken:

Provided project design document development, host country approval and validation assistance services for the following projects:

Project Title

Estimated number of CERs per year

Lakhodair Landfill Project, Lahore, Pakistan

175,019

Fauji Cement Company Limited Waste Heat Recovery Project

31,013

FFC Cogeneration Project at Mirpur Mathelo, Ghotki, Pakistan

28,000

Century Paper Gas Turbine Cogeneration

50,000

Azgard9 Gas Turbine Cogeneration Project

10,000

Bagasse based high pressure cogeneration system at Shakarganj Mills Limited, Bhone

18,000

DGKCC Municipal Solid Waste Management

100,000

Dubair Khwar Hydropower project

196,000

Jinnah Hydropower Project

157,000

Golen Gol Hydropower Project

130,000

Khan Khwar Hydropower Project

180,000

Allai Khwar Hydropower Project

170,000

Lakhodair Landfill Project, Lahore, Pakistan

The project activity involves construction of a solid waste landfill site in the Lakhoder area of Lahore district. The site is located about 4.3Km away from the River Ravi, about 1.2Km from Lakhoder village and Band Road (i.e., presently operating as Lahore Ring Road). The project is being implemented by the LWMC with the purpose of mitigating the severe impacts of uncontrolled and improper waste disposals in the city of Lahore. The methane recovered from landfill will be utilized to generate electricity and LPG.

Fauji Cement Company Limited Waste Heat Recovery Project

The project activity takes place at the 7,200 t/d capacity kiln and includes the installation of 3x HRSGs (heat recovery steam generators) with a capacity of 2×15 t/h and 1x 22.8 t/h to recover waste heat generated in clinker production process and utilize it for net power production of 9.302 MW by installing a steam turbine with a rated capacity of 12 MW. This electricity will be used to replace the grid electricity imports.

FFC Cogeneration Project at Mirpur Mathelo, Ghotki, Pakistan

The project activity involves installation of a 15 MW gas turbine based cogeneration plant at Plant-III, Mirpur Mathelo. The gas turbine is coupled to a Heat Recovery Steam Generator (HRSG) of capacity 30 tph (tonnes per hour). In addition, duct/secondary firing is also done at the HRSG. The electricity and steam generated by the gas turbine based cogeneration system shall meet the electrical power and steam demand of FFC for urea fertilizer production process. There is no grid connection at FFC to import or export electricity.

Century Paper Gas Turbine Cogeneration

The project activity aims to install a natural gas based cogeneration system to meet the additional energy requirements. The cogeneration system comprises four natural gas-fired turbines (5.6 MW each) and four HRSGs (Heat Recovery Steam Generators, 12.5 tons each) to cater the power and heat requirements of the Century Paper & Board Mill’s.

Azgard9 Gas Turbine Cogeneration Project

The project activity involves the installation of a new cogeneration set (Gas Turbine and Heat Recovery Steam Generator) having capacity to generate 20 TPH steam and 5.67 MW electricity. The project activity will replace the existing fossil fuel based boilers and captive power plant.

Bagasse Based High Pressure Cogeneration System at Shakarganj Mills Limited, Bhone

The project activity involves installation 20 MW of biomass based high pressure cogeneration project at Shakarganj Mills Limited, Bhone. Project plant will replace the existing low pressure cogeneration plant at the sugar mills. Project activity will not only fulfils the internal demand of sugar mills but surplus electricity will be exported to the grid.

DGKCC Municipal Solid Waste Management

The project activity involves the up gradation of the existing solid waste landfill sites in different cities of Punjab province. Two types of activities are envisaged under this program:

  • Methane recovery from the organic solid waste
  • Preparation of refused derived fuel (RDF) from the in organic solid waste

Dubair Khwar Hydropower Project

The Project is located on Khan Khwar River, right bank tributary of Indus River near Pattan District Kohistan in Khyber Pakhtun Khwa province at a distance of 265 Km from Islamabad. It has an installed capacity of 130 MW and an annual energy generation capacity of 595 GWh.

Jinnah Hydropower Project

The Project is located on the right side of existing Jinnah Barrage, 5 km from Kalabagh town in District Mianwali and 234 km from Islamabad. It has an installed capacity of 96 MW and an annual energy generation capacity of 688 GWh.

Golen Gol Hydropower Project

Golen Gol hydro power project is 106 MW run of the river project on river Golen Gol. The project will produce approximately 436GWh/year out of which 84GWh/year will be available during four hours daily peak. The firm peak capacity available during these four hours all the year is about 27MW.

Khan Khwar Hydropower Project

The Project is located on Khan Khwar River, right bank tributary of Indus River near Besham District Shangla in Khyber Pakhtun Khwa province at a distance of 243 Km from Islamabad. It has an installed capacity of 130 MW and an annual energy generation capacity of 595 GWh.

Allai Khwar Hydropower Project

Allai Khwar hydro power project is 121 MW run of the river project on river Allai Khwar. The project will produce approximately 436 GWh/year of electrical energy. Out of which 160 GWh/year will be available during four hours daily peak. The firm peak capacity available during these four hours all the year is about 81MW.

Lucky Cement Substitution of coal with RDF at Karachi Plant

The project involves collection of municipal solid waste (MSW) from sites around the industrial plant and transformation into refuse-derived fuel (RDF) which will be used as fuel in the cement production process. The MSW will displace fossil fuel contributing to the CO2 emissions.